Alpha-Arbutin: Arbutin is a glycoside phyto-chemical extracted from bearberries, among many other medicinal plants that also contain it.
Applied topically, it strongly inhibits tyrosinase and thus prevents the formation of melanin. Alpha-Arbutin is a much more complex engineered form of arbutin, obtained from the cross linking of the glycoside with one hydroxyl molecule (= oxygen + hydrogen) to form a faster penetrating ingredient. A fast penetration is key for a deep impact on skin, before arbutin is degraded by skin’s own enzymes, and loses power.
Alpha Arbutin, a more powerful version of classic arbutin used in cosmetology, contributes to a reduction in the appearance of age-related spots.
It is used at the highest possible concentration of 2% as opposed to the standard concentration of less than 1%.
Water/Eau, Glycerin, Butylene Glycol, Alpha-Arbutin, Sodium Hydroxide, 1,2-Hexanediol, Caprylyl Glycol, Carbomer, PEG-40 Hydrogenated Castor Oil, Disodium EDTA.