5% Niacinamide: Vitamin B3, is a multi-functional active. It strengthens the skin’s barrier function by increasing its resistance to inter-cellular factors. Furthermore, it helps lighten and unify the skin tone by interfering in the transfer of melanosomes to keratinocytes.
2% Tranexamic Acid: The risk of minor irritation cannot be ruled out at this concentration, yet it is minimized as long as the product is mixed-in and not used by itself.
This ingredient successfully targets post-inflammatory states, including: over-pigmentation after sun exposure, dark spots, acne, and post-operative delicate skin following laser treatments.
Water/Eau, Butylene Glycol, Niacinamide, Glycerin, Tranexamic Acid, 1,2-Hexanediol, Xanthan Gum, Hydroxyacetophenone, Caprylyl Glycol, Carbomer, Disodium EDTA, Ethylhexylglycerin, Sodium Hydroxide.